The prostate gland is a doughnut shaped male sex gland, positioned beneath the urinary bladder. It encircles the urinary outlet, or urethra. Contraction of the muscles in the prostate sqeeze fluid from the prostate into the ureathral tract during ejaculation. Prostatic fluid makes up the bulk of semen.

The prostate is the most common site of disorders in the male genitourinary system. There are several conditions that can cause problems with the prostate:

The inflammation can result in urine retention. This causes the bladder to become distended, weak, tender and itself susceptible to infection. Infection in the bladder is in turn easily transmitted up the ureters to the kidneys.

There Are Three Types Of Prostatitis

BPH is the gradual enlargement of the prostate. It occurs in almost 50% of all men over 50. It also occurs in 75% of all men over 70. This condition is largely attributable to hormonal changes associated with aging. After the age of forty a mans free testosterone levels decrease, while the level of estradiol increases. This causes an overproduction of prostate cells, which ultimately results in prostate enlargement.

While not cancerous, an enlarged prostate can nevertheless cause problems. If it becomes too large, it obstructs the urethra, interfering with the ability to drain the bladder. Because the bladder cannot empty completely, the kidneys also may not empty as they should. This can cause dangerous pressure on the kidneys. In severe cases, the kidneys may be damaged both by the pressure and the substances in the urine. Bladder infections are associated with both prostatitis and an enlarged prostate.

The major symptom of an enlarged prostate is the need to pass urine frequently, with frequency increasing as time passes. A man may find himself rising several times during the night to urinate. There can also be pain, burning, and difficulty in starting and stopping urination. The presence of blood in the urine is not uncommon.

How Is Prostatitis Diagnosed?

A doctor performs a digital rectal exam (DRE) by inserting a gloved and lubricated finger into the patient's rectum, just behind the prostate. The doctor can feel the prostate to see if it is swollen or tender in spots.

To confirm the prostate infection, the doctor should obtain two urine samples-before and after prostate massage. To perform a prostate massage, the doctor will insert a gloved and lubricated finger into the rectum, as in a DRE, and stroke the prostate to release fluids from the gland. The post-massage urine sample will contain prostate fluid. If that second urine sample contains bacteria or infection-fighting cells that were not present in the premassage urine sample, this suggests the prostate contains infection.

To diagnose chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome, the doctor must rule out all other possible causes of urinary symptoms, such as kidney stones, bladder disorders, and infections. Since many different conditions must be considered, the doctor may order a full range of tests, including ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), biopsy, blood tests, and tests of bladder function.

If all other possible causes of a patient's symptoms are ruled out, the doctor may then diagnose chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. To aid in understanding the symptoms and measuring the effects of treatment, the doctor may ask a series of questions from a standard questionnaire, the NIH-Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index.

The Following Nutrients May Be Helpful To Alleviate The Symptoms

Prostatitis Information: Dr. Mercola - Larry Clapps "The 60 Day Cure"

Prostatitis Information: Acu-Cell - Prostatitis And BPH: Nutritional Causes, Prevention And Therapies

Prostatitis Information: High Island Prostate Massager

Prostatitis Information: Chinese Herbal Remedy

Prostatitis Information: All About Prostate

Prostatitis Information: Alternative Prostatitis Treatment

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